Aus der Website der FIP,
Fédération Internationale de Philatélie:
Das Spezialreglement für die
Bewertung aerophilatelistischer Exponate bei Internationalen
Special Regulations for the
Evaluation of Aerophilatelic Exhibits
at F.I.P. Exhibitions
Article 1: Competitive Exhibitions In
accordance with Article 1.4 of the General Regulations of the F.I.P. for the
Evaluation of Competitive Exhibits at F.I.P. Exhibitions (GREV), these Special
Regulations have been developed to supplement those principles with regard to
Aerophilately. Also refer to Guidelines to Aerophilatelic Regulations. Article
2: Competitive Exhibits An Aerophilatelic exhibit is composed essentially of
postal documents transmitted by Air bearing evidence of having been flown (ref.
GREV Article 2.3). Article 3: Principles of Exhibit Composition 3.1
Aerophilately represents a study of the development of air mail services and a
collection of documents pertaining to such development. An Aerophilatelic
exhibit has therefore as basic contents: 1. Postal documents dispatched by air.
2. Official and semi-official stamps issued especially for use on Airmail, in
mint or used state, but principally on cover. 3. All types of postal and other
marks, vignettes and labels relating to aerial transport. 4. Items connected
with a particular means of aerial transport, not conveyed through a postal
service but deemed important to the development of air mail. 5. Leaflets,
messages and newspapers dropped from the air, as a way of normal postal delivery
or on the occasion of postal services interrupted by unforeseen events. 6. Mail
recovered from aircraft accidents and incidents.
3.2 The arrangement of an aerophilatelic exhibit derives directly from its
structure following a basic pattern: 1. Chronological 2. Geographical 3. Means
of transport a) Pigeon b) Lighter than air c) Heavier than air d) Rocket (ref.
GREV Article 3.2).
3.3 Aerophilatelic exhibits may include ancillary items, such as maps,
photographs, timetables and the like as long as they are considered vital to
illustrate, and draw the attention to a particular point or situation. They
should not overpower the material and accompanying text on display. (Ref. GREV
3.4 The plan or the concept of the exhibit shall be clearly laid out in an
introductory statement (ref. GREV Article 3.3).
Article 4: Criteria for Evaluating Exhibits (Ref. GREV Article 4).
Article 5: Judging of Exhibits 5.1 Aerophilatelic exhibits will be judged by
approved specialists in their respective field and in accordance with Section V
(Articles 31-46) of the GREX (ref. GREV Article 5.1). 5.2 For Aerophilatelic
exhibits, the following relative terms are presented to lead the Jury to a
balanced evaluation (ref. GREV Article 5.2): 1. Treatment and Philatelic
Importance 30 2. Philatelic and related Knowledge, Personal Study and Research
35 3. Condition (10) and Rarity (20) 30 4. Presentation 5 Total 100
Article 6: Concluding Provision 6.1 In the event of any discrepancies in the
text arising from translation, the English text shall prevail. 6.2 These Special
Regulations for the Evaluation of Aerophilatelic Exhibits at F.I.P. Exhibitions
have been approved by the 61st F.I.P. Congress in Granada on the 4th and 5th May
1992. They come into force on 1st January 1995 and apply to those exhibitions
granted F.I.P. Patronage, auspices or support, which will take place after 1st
January 1995. Guidelines for Judging Aerophilatelic Exhibits Article 1:
Competitive Exhibitions These Guidelines are intended to assist exhibitors in
the development and jurors in the evaluation of aerophilatelic exhibits. They
should be read in conjunction with the GREV and SREV of Aerophilatelic Exhibits
at F.I.P. Exhibitions.
Article 2: Competitive Exhibits The transportation of mail by air may be shown
in several ways: by adhesive stamps, vignettes (with and without face value),
labels, cancellations, cachets, transit, route and other explanatory markings,
written endorsements, backstamps and relevant signatures. Material which does
not show any treatment by an organized postal service should be restricted to a
Article 3: Principles of Exhibits Composition 3.1 Scope and Intent An
aerophilatelic exhibit should represent a study of the development, operation or
other defined scope of airmail services, presenting directly relevant items and
documenting the treatment and analysis of the aerophilatelic material. 3.1.1
Covers A. An aerophilatelist is primarily interested in mail such as envelopes (covers),
postcards, stationery, newspapers, wrappers, etc. which have been transported by
air and which usually bear dates and indications of the mode of their
transportation. B. Items prepared to be flown, but not flown for a legitimate
reason, may be included in an aerophilatelic exhibit. C. The study of routes,
postal rates and markings are frequently relevant to the development of the
subject. Maps and drawings may be included if they highlight a route or flight,
but maps should be restricted in number and used only if relevant to the
documentation. D. The contents of a cover may be included in the exhibit, if
they enhance the understanding of the
theme or confirm the authenticity of the subject. E. Duplication of items should
be avoided, regardless of value.
3.1.2 Stamps and Essays A. Adhesive stamps issued or overprinted specifically
for use on airmail are part of aerophilately, even when used for other postal
purposes. B. Postal stationery, including aerogrammes and airmail postcards,
issued specifically for airmail use is aerophilatelic material. C. An exhibit
may also include related material, such: - Essays and proofs - A study of
printing methods or reconstruction of printing or overprinting plates - A study
of paper varieties, watermarks, perforations, etc., or printing/overprinting
errors. D. While both a traditional and an aerophilatelic exhibit may contain
the material in "C" above, it is the treatment of the covers that will determine
whether the exhibit will be judged by a traditional or by an aerophilatelic team.
To be judged as Aerophilately the covers must be organized to show the
development of airmail services. In other words, there must be a recognized
aerophilatelic theme. If the covers are arranged to show usages of the stamps in
a traditional way then the exhibit should be judged as a traditional exhibit.
3.1.3 Other Material Vignettes or labels used on flown covers may also be
included in an aerophilatelic exhibit, but vignettes or labels should not
dominate an exhibit.
3.1.4 Non-Postal Material Items documenting the pioneer period, e.g.,
air-forwarded forerunners to regular air postal services or early airmail flown
by other carriers where postal services were not available, are considered
important to the development of airmail services and therefore to aerophilately.
Examples: - Entrusted mail ("Plis confiés") from the Siege of Paris and airborne
mail from the besieged Metz and Belfort. - Private labeled and flown pioneer
airmail, e.g. "Vin Fiz". - Flown military mail from World War I and the
post-World War I period, like Przemysl mail. - The Great Barrier Island and
Marotiri pigeon-flown mail. Non-postal material should be completely described
and must be directly related and important to the development of airmail
3.1.5 Items dropped from the Air Items containing a message dropped from the air
are included within the scope of aerophilately. 3.1.6 Recovered Mail Recovered (crash)
mail has special standards for documentation and condition. The documentation
should describe the postal aspects of the incident, the amount of mail saved (e.g.,
number of covers saved), and applicable postal markings. The normal standards of
condition do not apply to crash covers.
3.2 Arrangement This article suggests patterns for the intended structure. It is
not a comprehensive list. It is the responsibility of the exhibitor to define
and demonstrate the aerophilatelic nature of the exhibit.
3.2.1 Chronological development of airmail For classification by date, the
periods commonly chosen are:
- A pioneer period up to 1918 - A development period 1918-1945 - A modern period
3.2.2 Development of airmail in a geographic area For classification by
geographical area, the groups commonly chosen are: - Country or associated group
of countries - Route - Airline - Service (e.g., army, navy) - Aircraft
3.2.3 Development of airmail by means of transport Groups commonly chosen are,
for example: - Pigeon - Lighter than air (balloon, dirigible) - Heavier than air
(parachute, glider, aircraft) - Rocket
3.3 Supporting Material Any supporting material used should relate to a
particular detail which, although important, cannot be otherwise represented.
Memorabilia (e.g., menus or the like) may not be used.
3.4 Introductory Statement An exhibit should have a clear beginning, a central
theme, and a logical ending. The display must begin with an introductory page in
which the exhibitor defines in full what the subject is, explains how it will be
developed, and specifies what the self-imposed limits are. The plan should be
used to provide relevant general information on the subject and to indicate
areas of personal research. It may also include a short list of the important
documentary sources used. The judges will use this information to evaluate the
material shown in relation to the aims set forth by the exhibitor.
Article 4: Criteria for Evaluating Exhibits 4.4 Treatment and Philatelic
Importance 4.4.1 A total of 30 points may be given for treatment and philatelic
importance. 20 points: Development, completeness and correctness 10 points:
Related to relative philatelic importance.
4.4.2 When evaluating the treatment and importance of the exhibits, judges will
look at the: - General development of the subject - Completeness of the material
shown in relation to the scope of the exhibit - Relative philatelic significance
of the subject shown. Exhibitors should ensure that the exhibit is cohesive and
avoid combining largely unrelated subjects.
4.4.3 The importance of an exhibit will be measured in relation to the overall
development of airmail transportation. The aerophilatelic exhibit of an area
with greater contribution to the development of the infrastructure of world
airmail services lies higher on the scale of importance than an exhibit from an
area with a lesser contribution.
4.4.4 Other factors of aerophilatelic importance: - A wide geographical area is
generally more important than a narrow one. - A pioneer period is generally more
important than a modern one. - A long period is generally more important than a
shorter one. As the General Regulations indicate, the aerophilatelic interest of
an exhibit is a contributing
factor. 4.4.5 The judges will assess whether the material exhibited is relevant
to the scope of the exhibit. The exhibit must be developed and balanced in the
periods and areas outlined in the title and the plan.
4.5 Philatelic and Related Knowledge, Personal Study and Research 4.5.1 A total
of 35 points may be given for philatelic and related knowledge, personal study
4.5.2 Philatelic and related knowledge is demonstrated by the items chosen for
display and their related comments. Personal study is demonstrated by the proper
analysis of the items chosen for display. For exhibits where original research (presentation
of new facts related to the chosen subject) is evident, a large proportion of
the total points may be given for it. For subjects which have been extensively
researched previously, judges will look to see how far this research has been
successfully used in the exhibit. 4.5.3 The information given should not
overwhelm the philatelic material shown. A well thought out plan may avoid
otherwise lengthy descriptions in the exhibit.
4.6 Condition and Rarity 4.6.1 A total of 30 points may be given for condition
and rarity. 20 points: Rarity and significance of items shown 10 points:
Condition of items shown.
4.6.2 Rarity is directly related to the philatelic items shown and the relative
scarcity of material of the type shown, and in particular to the aerophilatelic
rarity. Rarity is not always equivalent with or proportional to value.
4.6.3 As condition varies for aerophilatelic items, judges should consider the
quality obtainable. In general, good condition, clear legible postal markings
and cachets, and a good general appearance should be rewarded, while poor
quality should be penalized. The stamps on covers and other items should be in
good condition. Crash covers are an exception to the general rule on condition.
However, the postal markings applied to salvaged covers should be as clear as
possible. Repaired items are to be mentioned in the description. The detection
of obviously faked or repaired material which is not described as such will
result in a penalty.
4.7 Presentation 4.7.1 Presentation may be given up to 5 points.
4.7.2. Presentation should complement the treatment of the exhibit by its
general lay-out and clarity. Judges should evaluate how the presentation
enhances the understanding and attractiveness of the exhibit.
4.7.3 Illustrations of relevant postal markings are necessary only when the
originals are not clear enough to the observer. When it is desirable to
illustrate significant markings on the reverse side of a cover, they may either
be drawn or illustrated with a reproduction (photograph or photocopy), but a
reproduction should be apparent as such to the observer. Colour photocopies or
photographs should be at least 25% different in size from the original.
Article 5: Judging of Exhibits 5.2 For Aerophilatelic exhibits, the following
relative terms are presented to lead the Jury to a balanced evaluation:
Treatment and Philatelic Importance 30 Treatment (20) Philatelic Importance (10)
Philatelic and related Knowledge Personal Study and Research 35 Condition and
Rarity 30 Condition 10 Rarity 20 Presentation 5 Total 100 Article 6: Concluding
Provisions 6.1 In the event of a conflict of provisions, the order of authority
shall be, from high to low: - GREV General Regulations for the Evaluation of
Competitive Exhibits at F.I.P. Exhibitions - SREV Special Regulations for the
Evaluation of Aerophilatelic Exhibits at F.I.P. Exhibitions - Guidelines for
Judging Aerophilatelic Exhibits. These Guidelines rate below all decisions made
by the F.I.P. Congress.
6.2 These Guidelines are based on the revised SREV for Aerophilately, approved
at the 61st Congress at Granada, Spain on 4th May 1992, and are effective for
exhibitions after 1st January 1995, when the revised GREV and SREV are
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